Virginia's Judicial System
The present Virginia Judicial System consists of four levels of courts - the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, the circuit courts, and the district courts. In addition, magistrates serve as judicial officers with the authority to issue various types of processes.
The courts are organized into 31 judicial circuits and 32 similar judicial districts. More than 2,550 people, including judges, clerks, and magistrates, work within the judicial branch of government to provide the citizens of the Commonwealth prompt, efficient service.
Martinsville's Court System
Martinsville's Court system includes a Juvenile and Domestic Relations District Court, a General District Court, and a Circuit Court, which are described in more detail in subsections appearing in the box to the left of this page.
The Martinsville Circuit Court Clerk's Office, established in 1942, holds records of court proceedings, death/marriage records, and land records from April 20, 1942, to the present.
The court that most people have contact with is the general district court. The general district court handles most traffic violations. The general district court also hears minor criminal cases known as misdemeanors and conducts preliminary hearings for more serious criminal cases called felonies.
The juvenile and domestic relations district court hears all matters involving juveniles such as criminal or traffic matters.